Election signage outside a polling station during the federal election, in Kingston, Ontario on September 20, 2021. (THE CANADIAN PRESS IMAGES/Lars Hagberg)

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau called a federal election August 15. On September 20, after a neck-and-neck race between the Liberals and the Conservatives, Canada went to the polls.

Canadians questioned0 the need for a federal election in the midst of a pandemic. Though voters gave Mr. Trudeau a third mandate, it wasn’t the majority government he had hoped for. In fact, after 36 days of campaigning and a $610-million election, the seat count has changed so little that political pundit Zain Velji dubbed it “the most expensive cabinet shuffle of all time.”